top of page
  • Writer's pictureMarc Pulisci

Experiencing Spain’s Andalusian Caves

This is an article ‘Experiencing Spain’s Andalusian Caves’ by Marc Pulisci

Only a few know that entire communities still live in the Andalusian caves of Spain. When the Moors arrived in the south, they brought a wealth of culture and influence that shaped the country for centuries. Along with their delicious cuisine, intricate architecture, and rich language, the Moors also introduced the tradition of carving homes into the sides of mountains. The move proved to be an economical and practical solution for the arid climate of beautiful Andalusia.

Located near Granada, in an area known as Sacramonte, lies one of the most well-known cave communities in Spain. This region is mainly populated by Roma people and is famous for its cave homes.

However, you can find these unique dwellings across southern Spain, from Extremadura to the eastern edge of Andalusia. This tourist hotspot is home to some of the world's most breathtaking and awe-inspiring caves. From the famous Nerja Caves to the lesser-known Villaluenga Caves, this region is a treasure trove of underground wonders waiting to be explored.

The Nerja Caves

The Nerja Caves, located just outside the town of Nerja on the Costa del Sol, are perhaps the most well-known of Andalusia's caves. These caves were discovered in 1959 by a group of young boys hunting for bats near the entrance. Since then, the caves have been carefully excavated and developed into major tourist attractions, drawing over a million visitors each year.

The Nerja Caves are known for their stunning stalactites and stalagmites, which have formed over millions of years as water dripped down from the cave's ceiling and slowly accumulated on the floor. The caves also contain several ancient paintings, including one of the oldest known paintings of a human hand, which many experts believe to be over 50,000 years old.

In addition to the stalactites and stalagmites, the Nerja Caves are home to other natural wonders, including underground lakes and waterfalls. Visitors can take guided tours through the caves, which take them through a series of narrow passages and caverns, each more breathtaking than the last.

Bracing for a cave experience

There are many distinct types of caves. On one end of the scale is the more conventional cave, which is shabby, dusty, and devoid of contemporary conveniences. Then there are the more deluxe caves, which can be labeled as modern as they are furnished with all the amenities of a typical home. In Andalusia, the majority of cave dwellings that are still inhabited today fall somewhere in the middle. Even while these caves frequently have running water, electricity, and simple furnishings, they keep their original cave-like characteristics, like rough plaster walls and chilly cement flooring.

Spending your vacation living inside a cave has its distinct obstacles, but to many, it is a very fulfilling experience. Sometimes, it's easy to forget that you spend your nights in a cave. However, there are other instances when the cave-like environment can be more noticeable, such as when the bedroom fills with the scent of damp earth or the fire goes out, and all you can see are your thoughts in the pitch-black darkness of night. Nonetheless, living in one of Andalusia's caves is a unique experience that offers a remarkable fusion of the modern and the ancient.

Nature at its best

Another must-see cave in Andalusia is the Villaluenga Cave near Villaluenga de la Sagra. This cave is known for its beautiful calcite formations– natural wonders shaped over millions of years by the constant flow of water. The cave is also home to several rare species of bats, which you'll likely encounter during the guided tours.

In addition to the Nerja and Villaluenga Caves, Andalusia features other incredible caves, including the Caves of Pileta, the Caves of la Pileta, and the Caves of the Blue Lake. No matter which cave you choose to visit, you'll be treated to a truly unforgettable experience that you'll never forget.

Nearby, you can come upon the remains of Torres Moras, or Moorish towers, as you explore Andalusia's hills and mountains. These buildings stood as a means of defense and communication throughout the Al-Andalus region during the Caliphate of Cordoba's time. Smoke and fire signals sent from tower to tower allowed messages from the kingdom's farthest reaches to the palaces of Cordoba.

These towers are still standing today, mainly undamaged, despite the Moors having fled Spain more than 600 years ago. They present an extraordinary chance to take in the region's breathtaking beauty and discover more about its past. A great way to observe Andalusia, its beauty, and its rich cultural legacy is by hiking from tower to tower.

Always a worthwhile trip for foodies

Who could deny Spain's popularity for its tapas culture?

Fortunately for Andalusian visitors, this region is the birthplace of this delicious tradition. In the past, a free tapa, or a small bite of food, would be served with each drink to cover it and protect it from the elements (the word "tapar" in Spanish means 'to cover'). While this practice has largely disappeared in other parts of the country, it is still common in Andalusia for locals to expect a small plate of food to accompany their drink.

One of the great things about tapas culture in Andalusia is that the free food changes with each round of drinks, providing an extra incentive to order another round. Not only can you enjoy a refreshing drink, but you can also sample a variety of tasty dishes as you go. And the best part? Eating well and enjoying a solid buzz for just five euros is possible.

When in Spain, make sure to partake in this delightful tradition. Whether you're a foodie or just looking for a fun way to spend an evening, the tapas culture of Andalusia is an experience you can't pass.

If you're planning a trip to Andalusia, add a visit to one of these fantastic caves to your itinerary. Whether an experienced caver or a beginner, you'll find something to love about these underground wonders.

So pack your bags, grab your flashlight, and get ready to explore the stunning caves of Andalusia.


Discover more spectacular tourism destinations by visiting


bottom of page